Identifying the 5 types of IELTS essays

ieltslettersGet familiar with the different types of IELTS essay questions.

There are 5 types of IELTS essays and in this post, we will look at how to spot them.

Before you begin writing your essay the first thing you must do is analyse what type of question it is by looking at the instruction words. I have underlined the instruction words in the tasks below, these indicate what type of question it is. Analysing the task question is a crucial step because if you do not take the time to do this, or if you are unclear about anything, you could write a completely different essay. See more here.

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IELTS Writing Task 1: Language for describing trends

Vocabulary and grammar for line graphs and describing trends.

In Writing task 1 academic you need to write a report about one of the following: It could be a bar chart, a line graph, maps, a table, a pie chart or a process diagram. In this case, we are going to look at describing a line graph in IELTS writing task 1 and the kind of grammar and vocabulary that is needed for this task.

This lesson will look at:

1. Vocabulary for describing a line graph
2. Useful grammar for this task
3. Example of a basic line graph
4. Gap-fill exercise

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IELTS Advantage Disadvantage Essays

3 Types of Advantage Disadvantage Essays

Not only are there 5 types of essay questions in academic IELTS but there are 3 types of Advantage Disadvantage essays, here are some examples below and ideas on how to approach them.

Before we go further let me make something clear. IELTS tasks will ask in an advantage disadvantage essay something like:

  • Do the advantages outweigh the disadvantages?
  • What are the advantages and disadvantages of this?

Notice the plural form here, advantages and disadvantages. Many students (and IELTS teachers) think they have to write more than one advantage and disadvantage. Yes, you can certainly do this but you can also make it much simpler by writing about one advantage and one disadvantage. I have heard from examiners that this is ok as long as you are able to support and fully exaplin your ideas. With this approach you can still write over 250 words.

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