To successfully answer IELTS True False not Given questions and Yes No Not Given questions, you can use exactly the same technique. The difference is that Yes No Not Given texts are based on the writers opinion, whereas TFNG texts are based on facts.
Take at look at the graphic below for some ideas to help you.
The summary completion tasks in IELTS reading are a short summary of the text, it could be about 4 or 6 sentences or it could be a whole paragraph. You need to either choose the correct word from a list, or there may not be a choice of words so you have to decide what words match. There are 2 types of summary completion tasks in IELTS.
Learn about the most important skill in IELTS reading.
In the IELTS reading exam you can’t look up words in a dictionary, and you don’t have the time to understand every word. Another point is that you shouldn’t read the whole text as you just won’t have the time.
Understanding where to find the answers and spotting how words are paraphrased is a crucial skill. The reading section is really about vocabulary, so it is absolutely crucial that you work on developing your vocabulary. Guessing meaning from context is another very important skill to develop for IELTS.
In this lesson we will look at:
1. What exactly is guessing meaning from context? 2. Example of how this skill works. 3. Why is this skill so important?. 4. Useful techniques for guessing meaning from context. 5. You can try, exercise on guessing the meaning from context.
1. What exactly is guessing meaning from context?
If you don’t understand a word, you will need to look at the information around that word. This means looking at the sentences before the difficult word and the sentences after it. Another method is to look at the paragraph before and after to get a better idea of what the meaning could be. The context is the surrounding information in the text or the theme of the text.
Native speakers also have trouble understanding certain words from the reading text in IELTS, however, it is possible to make an accurate guess. The title of the text will also give you a good idea of what the word could mean.
Key point: You do not have to understand every word in the IELTS reading texts and you shouldn’t read the whole text.
2. Example of guessing the meaning from context.
Blue= context Red = unknown word
The emergency engineers worked on the project for almost two days without a break. By the end of it all, the team were completely drained, after that everyone went home and slept for most of the day.
Can you guess what ‘drained‘ means here…(you probably already know anyway)
If you were working for two days without a break how would you feel? very tired I think.. also the clue: ” …everyone went home and slept for most of the day..” This shows that “drained ” means very tired.
3. Why is guessing the meaning from context so important?
This is important because you can’t use a dictionary or a phone to look up a new word in the exam, you would not have time to do that anyway. Another reason why it’s important is that you will feel more relaxed about doing the reading section, rather than feeling anxious when you find a new word.
If you are stressed when you come across a new word in the IELTS reading test, then you will panic and have problems completing all the questions in the reading tasks.
4. Useful techniques for guessing the meaning.
1. Words that signal answers in the text:
for instance, such as, a type of, like, for example, that is.. usually this is followed by a definition or a hint where you can use logic to accurately guess the meaning.
In the above example, you can get a good idea of the meaning. The word ‘diurnal’ means that animals usually come out in the daytime. We didn’t need a dictionary to guess that one.
Again in the example above you can see a clear definition for the word ‘circadian rhythm’, using the phrase “this is…” and then a definition.
In this example above, the word ‘rouses’ is the unknown word, but there is a time and a hint in the following sentence.. I can guess correctly that ‘rouses’ means gets up or wakes up.. the word eye-blearing is not necessary to understand, its just extra information here.
2. Using opposites and synonyms
Some words in the text show opposites such as: in contrast to, however, although, on the other hand, unlike, despite.. Often this means there is an antonym or opposite phrase which helps to define unknown words.
In the example above the key phrase “in contrast to” shows that the 2 unknown words are opposite when looking at the whole sentence you can get a very good understanding of the meaning.
In this example above you can see how synonyms work.. ‘infuriated’is a synonym of ‘very angry’.
Here is a very good Youtube video explanation of getting meaning from context with more examples.
In the IELTS reading section there are usually 14 different types of questions but for each reading text you may get 3 or 4 different types to answer. You might get True False Not Given, Yes No Not Given, completing a sentence , matching a heading or multiple choice to name just a few.
Techniques and tips for IELTS Reading True False Not Given questions.
The reading section in IELTS contains many types of questions, however, many IELTS candidates have problems with True False Not Given and Yes No Not Given. Once you understand the techniques and practice this type of question then you will realise they are easier than you think. Most importantly you really need to have good vocabulary to get a good score here.
The IELTS reading test actually tests your vocabulary such as synonyms and paraphrasing. TFNG questions are based on factual statements in the text.