Model answer for a process diagram on recycling drinks cans.
Process diagrams are some of the easiest tasks in IELTS Academic writing task 1 as you are logically explaining a process using sequencers and passive grammar. The data is obviously static so there are no trends to report on, it is pretty straightforward with enough practice.
Here is an interesting task 1 question below. Be prepared as something similar could appear in writing task 1 academic. It’s not a map or a process diagram, it’s a floor plan. You will also notice it has two time periods. The present and plans for the future.
It is essential to analyse the task and it’s main features and then plan your writing before starting your report. Total planning for task 1 should be around 4 or 5 minutes. Remember that you need to paraphrase the introduction and give an overview.
Be careful of memorised sentences in your writing.
There are some IELTS teachers out there who tell students to write an outline statement after the thesis statement. To be honest, this is not a good way to structure the introduction. Outline statements are only for true academic essays that are many pages long, like you would write at university (IELTS essays are short discursive essays)
Another reason why I advise not writing them is that they look like they have been memorised. The examiner is looking out for memorised statements and sentences. You could lose points on this in task response and lexical resource. To put it simply, you have to use your own words. The IELTS examiners are looking at how you can use language naturally and coherently.
One of the most important skills for getting a good score in the IELTS writing exam, is the way cohesive devices or linking devices are used. In the marking criteria for task 2 essays and Writing task 1 reports, Coherence and Cohesion accounts for 25% of your marks, therefore it is important to have an essay that flows naturally and is easy for the reader to understand. A key component of this is cohesive devices, however, use them correctly and sparingly.
It is important to use some ‘complex sentences’ in IELTS writing task 2 otherwise you are unlikely to get a band 6.5 or above. However, not all of your sentences have to be ‘complex’ you need to use simple sentences too. Remember that grammar accounts for 25% of your marks in the writing tasks but there is some confusion in IELTS about what a ‘complex sentence’ actually is.
In the IELTS reading section there are usually 14 different types of questions but for each reading text you may get 3 or 4 different types to answer. You might get True False Not Given, Yes No Not Given, completing a sentence , matching a heading or multiple choice to name just a few.
Occasionally in IELTS academic Writing task 1 a task graphs with predictions and future trends may come up.
In this case you need to use the future tense with some specific academic phrases for graphs with a future trend. Let’s have a look at the grammar needed for this kind of graph here. Note that the data in this task is dynamic, that means it changes over time.
Describing a process needs specific grammar, such as the passive and sequencers for showing how something is made or processed. Below is a diagram showing how milk, cheese and butter are made for commercial sale.
How to write the public or general opinion in IELTS Discussion essays.
When writing a discussion essay in IELTS writing task 2, you have to give the public opinion or others opinions as well as giving your own opinion (if the task asks for your opinion). To do this you will need to use special phrases to show others views. If you do not refer to why people hold a particular opinion, then you will lose marks in task response. You must mention others views and why they hold those views, or the whole essay could turn into a problem solution essay or even an advantage disadvantage essay. It is all about the way language is used here.