Writing task 1: Process diagram about recycling aluminum

ielts process diagramModel answer for a process diagram on recycling drinks cans.

Process diagrams are some of the easiest tasks in IELTS Academic writing task 1 as you are logically explaining a process using sequencers and passive grammar. The data is obviously static so there are no trends to report on, it is pretty straightforward with enough practice.

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IELTS Writing Task 1: Using prepositions correctly

How to use prepositions in IELTS writing task 1 academic.

It is very important to get prepositions right in this part of the exam. I often see prepositions mistakes when I am marking task 1 reports and this is a particular issue when describing dynamic data.

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IELTS academic writing task 1: Table on consumer expenditure

Model answer and analysis of a table in IELTS writing task 1.

Tables sometimes show up in IELTS academic writing task 1. In some cases, they are in a double task such as a pie chart and table or a bar graph and table. In this lesson, we have a table on its own with a lot of data. This is taken from Cambridge IELTS 7, page 30, it is a popular example of a table for IELTS teachers.

Before writing anything you will need to analyse the task. Take around 4 minutes to plan, look at the categories, the countries, the year and the highest and lowest statistics. The grammar tense is important to get right too, you can see below that the table shows data from 2002, so I will write in the past tense.

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IELTS Writing Task 1: Paraphrasing Statistics

ielts writing task 1 statisticsParaphrasing percentages and statistics in IELTS academic writing task 1.

One thing that can be challenging in IELTS writing task 1 academic is how to report on all the data in a chart or graph. Something that can help your vocabulary band score is using specific language, such as the language of approximation, proportion and fractions to paraphrase percentages.

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Line Graph Lesson: Energy Consumption by Fuel Source

Writing about a line graph with a future prediction.

Here is a line graph from the Cambridge IELTS 9 book about US energy consumption by fuel type. As you can see, there is a date range from the past with predictions for the future. Always take around 2 minutes to analyse the task before writing anything. Give yourself 4 minutes in total to plan out what you will write.

Note that this graph is courtesy of the Cambridge IELTS 9 practice book. Only use authentic Cambridge IELTS material when practicing. You can get these books online such as Amazon.com. You can also download free practice tests from ielts.org or the British Council website.


IELTS graph model answer
Source: Cambridge IELTS 9

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Writing Task 1: How to use ‘number, total, amount, figure, period’

Useful IELTS academic writing task 1 vocabulary.

To get a good score in IELTS writing task 1 academic, you need to have a good range of grammar and vocabulary. In this lesson, we will look at specific vocabulary chart vocabulary that can be used in various ways. Those words are: Number, Total, Comprised, Accounted for, Amount, Period and Figure. Try the exercises at the end of the lesson to test your knowledge then click the green buttons to see the answers. The key to learning is to practice, so think about how you can apply these words to your academic task 1 reports, especially for graphs and trends.

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IELTS Academic Writing Task 1: Process Diagram

ielts process diagramModel answer for the production of electricity.

In the last lesson about process diagrams, I looked at the grammar and vocabulary needed to write about them. Click here to see the grammar needed.  This type of task sometimes appears in IELTS academic writing task 1, so I advise practicing this kind of task as it could appear in the exam.

The passive voice grammar is used when describing a process and you will also need sequencers to show the step by step process. The structure needed is: an introduction, an overview and 2 body paragraphs. Word count is 150 words minimum, aim for around 160 to 180 words.

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IELTS Bar Chart Lesson with Model Answer

UK Telephone calls bar chart with model answer and analysis.

Bar charts are quite common in IELTS academic writing part 1, so you need to be prepared in case you get one in your test. There are some things to be aware of, such as the correct structure to use, paraphrasing the introduction, a clear overview and reporting on the data accurately.

In this lesson, we will look at a dynamic chart which shows changes over time. This bar chart is from the Cambridge IELTS 9 practice book (use only official IELTS material when practicing). I have given my own model answer followed by an analysis.

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IELTS Writing task 1: Line graph and model answer

Academic Writing task 1: C02 Emissions line graph

Line graphs are very common in IELTS academic task 1 writing. In this lesson, we will look at a Model Answer for CO2 emissions for 4 European countries and an analysis.

This line graph comes from Cambridge IELTS 11 academic. You can find this book on Amazon. Use only official IELTS material when doing practice tests as there is a lot of fake IELTS material out there on the web.

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IELTS Writing Task 1 : Table Lesson

No not this kind of table 🙂

How to write about a Table in academic writing task 1

Tables sometimes show up in academic task 1 writing so you need to be prepared just in case you get one. You will need to use the language of comparisons, however, if the data changes over time use trends language. Spend a couple of minutes analysing the task first.

The most important point to remember with academic task 1 writing is that you have to be selective, especially if there is a lot of data in the chart, graph or table. This means that you do not need to write about every piece of data. Grouping the data is another key skill that is needed here.

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