IELTS Writing Task 1

IELTSwritingtask1IELTS writing task 1 is different for the IELTS general test and IELTS academic test. In the general exam, you need to write a letter such as an invitation to a friend, a complaint, an apology, making an arrangement, an application, or something informative like a newsletter.

The IELTS academic exam writing task 1 consists of 6 types of charts such as process diagrams, maps, bar charts, pie charts, tables, or line graphs. You will need to write a report about one of these, but remember it is very different to writing task 2, it is not an ‘essay’ it is a factual report.

In academic task 1, there must be an overview and a factual description of the main parts of the task, no opinion is given, and do not write a conclusion for this type of task. This part of the test is worth one-third of your marks for the writing section, writing task 2 is worth much more in marks.

You only have about 20 minutes to complete writing task 1. For tips and advice on word count in task 1 writing click this link here to find out more.

IELTS General Writing Task 1 Lessons

Guide to IELTS academic and general writing task 1

How to write an informal letter in IELTS General

How to write a formal letter in IELTS General

Model answer for a formal letter: Job application

Model answer for an informal letter: Selling a Laptop

Model answer for an informal letter: Letter to a friend about a problem at work

Model answer for an informal letter: Letter to a friend about doing exercise

Model answer for a formal letter: Asking your boss for time off


IELTS Academic Writing Task 1 Lessons

Grammar and vocabulary:

Academic writing task 1 vocabulary: ‘number, amount, figure, total, accounted for’

Using vocabulary accurately to report on figures in writing task 1.

Vocabulary and grammar for describing trends.

Paraphrasing statistics.

How to use prepositions accurately.


Model Answer: Present-future maps IELTS 17, Norbiton town

Model answer: Floor plan lesson with grammar and analysis.

Model answer: 2 Maps with key grammar and vocabulary.

Model answer: 3 Diagrams/maps with model and analysis.

Model answer: 2 maps of a park layout with model answer and tips.

Process Diagrams:

Model answer: How instant noodles are manufactured.

Model answer: How geothermal energy produces electricity

Model answer and grammar: The process of making dairy products.

Model answer and analysis: Recycling process of aluminium drinks cans.

Model answer: Natural process diagram on the lifecycle of a honey bee.

Bar charts:

Model answer and analysis: IELTS 18 bar graph on household income in the USA.

Model answer: Coffee and tea drinking habits in Australia (making comparisons)

Model answer and analysis: Fast food restaurants in the USA bar graph.

Model answer: Bar graph about passengers using public transport.

Model answer and analysis: UK telephone calls bar chart.

Line graphs:

IELTS 17 book:  model answer about shop openings and closures.

Model answer and analysis: CO2 emissions in four different countries.

How to write about line graphs with a future trend.

Line graph with a future trend: US energy consumption by fuel source (model answer).

Pie Charts:

Two model answers: 3 pie charts making comparisons about 4 types of nutrients.

Model answer: Pie chart and table about postgraduate students.

Model answer: Visitors to a museum, 2 pie charts with a table and exercise.

Model answer: Fuel sources in France, two pie charts.


Model answer and analysis: Underground railways in 6 cities.

Model answer and analysis: Consumer spending in 5 different countries.

Model answer: Factory workers table with dynamic data.

IELTS writing task 1 structure


1. Line Graph

2. Pie Charts

ielts writing task 1 pie charts

3. Process Diagram

4. Maps

5. Bar Chart

bar graphs IELTS

6. Table


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