IELTS Writing Task 2: How to write a causes solution essay

IELTS problem solution essay

Step by step guide to writing a causes solution essay.

A common type of IELTS task 2 essay is the Problem Solution or Causes Solution essay. Here you will need to write about the causes of the problem in main body one and recommendations or possible solutions that could solve the issue in main body two. I could have a 3rd body paragraph but I prefer the 2 main body approach.

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IELTS Problem Solution Essay: Writing an effective introduction

ieltslettersWriting a good introduction to a problem solution essay.

One of the main skills for getting a good band score in IELTS writing task 2 is how clear and effective the introduction is. This shows the examiner what your essay is going to be about and helps your task response score.

You will need to spend a couple of minutes analyzing and fully understanding the task question, then decide what type of essay it is and what kind of thesis statement you need to write. The rest of the essay will expand on your thesis statement so you need to get it right. Your position must be clear in the introduction and main body paragraphs as well as the conclusion. There are two steps to writing a good introduction. 

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British and American English in IELTS

British or American English in IELTS, which is better?

Some people are confused about whether to use British or American English in the IELTS test. The answer is that both types are fine to use and also the IELTS listening test has various accents from English speaking countries around the world.

You do not get a higher band score in the speaking section for using a British accent either. Your accent does not matter as long as the examiner can clearly understand you. If you prefer to use American English spelling or vocabulary in the writing section, then stick to that when doing the exam, don’t suddenly switch to using British English spelling or vocabulary and vice versa.

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How to Paraphrase in IELTS Writing

Paraphrasing in IELTS Essays.

One of the most important skills in IELTS writing task 2 is knowing how to paraphrase the question. Paraphrasing means to say something in your own words while keeping the same meaning.

In the introduction of your essay the first thing you must do is paraphrase the topic question by changing the structure of the sentences or changing the formation of the words. This can be done using synonyms (words with the same meaning). Remember that if you just copy the original question word for word you will lose marks. However, you do not have to paraphrase every single word especially if there are no synonyms that accurately match.

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Structure and tips for part 3 of IELTS speaking

ielts speaking

IELTS Speaking part 3 has about 3 to 6 questions and you need to give detailed answers.

The main focus of this part of the test is to talk at length and give examples. You are marked on grammar, vocabulary, fluency and pronunciation. You will not be marked on your ideas. There are about 6 or 7 question types that could come up. They might be about giving an opinion, comparing, predicting something in the future, talking about people, contrasting and so on. Click here for a lesson on the types of questions in speaking part 3.

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Identifying the 5 types of IELTS essays

ieltslettersGet familiar with the different kinds of IELTS essay questions.

There are 5 types of IELTS essays and in this post we will look at how to spot them. Before you begin writing your essay the first thing you must do is analyse what type of question it is.

This is a crucial step because if you do not analyse the question, or if you are unclear about anything, you could write a completely different essay. You can see what type of essay it is by the ‘instruction words’. I have underlined the instruction words below that indicate what type of question it is.

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IELTS Writing Task 1: Language for describing trends

Vocabulary and grammar for line graphs and describing trends.

In Writing task 1 academic you need to write a report about one of the following: It could be a bar chart, a line graph, maps, a table, a pie chart or a process diagram. In this case, we are going to look at describing a line graph in IELTS writing task 1 and the kind of grammar and vocabulary that is needed for this task.

This lesson will look at:

1. Vocabulary for describing a line graph
2. Useful grammar for this task
3. Example of a basic line graph
4. Gap-fill exercise

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IELTS Advantage Disadvantage Essays

3 Types of Advantage Disadvantage Essays

Not only are there 5 types of essay questions in academic IELTS but there are 3 types of Advantage Disadvantage essays, here are some examples below and ideas on how to approach them.

Before we go further let me make something clear. IELTS tasks will ask in an advantage disadvantage essay something like:

  • Do the advantages outweigh the disadvantages?
  • What are the advantages and disadvantages of this?

Notice the plural form here, advantages and disadvantages. Many students (and IELTS teachers) think they have to write more than one advantage and disadvantage. Yes, you can certainly do this but you can also make it much simpler by writing about one advantage and one disadvantage. I have heard from examiners that this is ok as long as you are able to support and fully exaplin your ideas. With this approach you can still write over 250 words.

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