IELTS Prepositions: By, Until, With

IELTS grammar: By, Until, With.

Sometimes students make simple grammar mistakes when speaking or in the essay writing part of the test. IELTS examiners mark you on the accuracy of your grammar in the speaking and writing sections of the test. Grammar makes up 25% of your marks in writing and speaking.

I advise focusing on accuracy when writing and speaking because even if you have a wide range of grammar if it is used incorrectly you will lose marks.  Below is a short lesson on how to use the prepositions By, with, until.

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IELTS Writing Task 1: The process of making milk and cheese

IELTSwritingtask1Writing task 1 academic process diagram.

Describing a process needs specific grammar, such as the passive and sequencers for showing how something is made or processed. In this lesson, we will look at how to use the vocabulary and grammar, the correct structure and a model answer for a diagram showing how milk, cheese and butter are made for commercial sale.

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IELTS Bar Graph lesson and Model answer

bar graphs IELTSLesson on an IELTS Writing Task 1 Bar Graph.

In this lesson we will look at:

1. The structure needed for IELTS Writing task 1.

2. Paraphrasing the introduction.

3. Writing an overview

4. Writing body paragraphs.

5. Example task and model answer.

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Forming complex sentences in IELTS

IELTS writing focusUsing ‘tend to’, ‘that’ clauses and modals in IELTS writing and speaking.

A good skill to learn in academic writing is to soften your language or use what is often called ‘hedging’. This is useful in Discussion essays when you write about others opinions and it is also needed to soften your language so that you don’t generalise too much. This shows that you have a wider range of vocabulary and you can form complex sentences.

This is also very useful in the speaking section when you want to display a wider range of vocabulary and it shows that you can talk naturally.

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Discussion Essays: expressing others opinions

How to write the public or general opinion in IELTS Discussion essays.

When writing a discussion essay in IELTS writing task 2,  you have to state other peoples opinions as well as giving your own opinion. Most discussion essays ask you for your opinion so it is important to state your view throughout the whole essay.

To show other peoples views you will need to use special phrases which I have outlined in this post. You will need to mention others views or the whole essay could turn into a problem solution essay or even an advantage disadvantage essay. It is all about the way language is used here.

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IELTS Writing Task 2: How to write a causes solution essay

IELTS problem solution essay

Step by step guide to writing a causes solution essay.

A common type of IELTS task 2 essay is the Problem Solution or Causes Solution essay. Here you will need to write about the causes of the problem in main body one and recommendations or possible solutions that could solve the issue in main body two. I could have a 3rd body paragraph but I prefer the 2 main body approach.

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IELTS Problem Solution Essay: Writing an effective introduction

ieltslettersWriting a good introduction to a problem solution essay.

One of the main skills for getting a good band score in IELTS writing task 2 is how clear and effective the introduction is. This shows the examiner what your essay is going to be about and helps your task response score.

You will need to spend a couple of minutes analyzing and fully understanding the task question, then decide what type of essay it is and what kind of thesis statement you need to write. The rest of the essay will expand on your thesis statement so you need to get it right. Your position must be clear in the introduction and main body paragraphs as well as the conclusion. There are two steps to writing a good introduction. 

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British and American English in IELTS

British or American English in IELTS, which is better?

Some people are confused about whether to use British or American English in the IELTS test. The answer is that both types are fine to use and also the IELTS listening test has various accents from English speaking countries around the world.

You do not get a higher band score in the speaking section for using a British accent either. Your accent does not matter as long as the examiner can clearly understand you. If you prefer to use American English spelling or vocabulary in the writing section, then stick to that when doing the exam, don’t suddenly switch to using British English spelling or vocabulary and vice versa.

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How to Paraphrase in IELTS Writing

Paraphrasing in IELTS Essays.

One of the most important skills in IELTS writing task 2 is knowing how to paraphrase the question. Paraphrasing means to say something in your own words while keeping the same meaning.

In the introduction of your essay the first thing you must do is paraphrase the topic question by changing the structure of the sentences or changing the formation of the words. This can be done using synonyms (words with the same meaning). Remember that if you just copy the original question word for word you will lose marks. However, you do not have to paraphrase every single word especially if there are no synonyms that accurately match.

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Structure and tips for IELTS speaking part 3

IELTS speaking

In IELTS Speaking part 3 you need to give longer answers.

The main focus of this part of the test is to talk at length and give examples. The questions are much broader than in part 1 of the speaking test. You are marked on grammar, vocabulary, fluency and pronunciation.

You will not be marked on your ideas. There are about 6 or 7 question types that could come up. They might be about giving an opinion, comparing, predicting something in the future, talking about people, contrasting and so on. Click here for a lesson on the types of questions in speaking part 3.

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