How to paraphrase in IELTS writing

Paraphrasing in IELTS essays.

Updated: August 2022

An important skill in IELTS writing is being able to paraphrase the task question. Paraphrasing means to say something in your own words while keeping the same meaning.

In the introduction of your essay, the first thing you should do is paraphrase the topic question by changing the structure of the sentences or changing the formation of the words. This can be done using synonyms (words with the same meaning). Remember that if you just copy the original question word for word you may lose marks. However, you do not have to paraphrase every single word especially if there are no synonyms that accurately match.

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Structure and tips for IELTS speaking part 3

IELTS speaking

In IELTS Speaking part 3 you need to give longer answers.

The main focus of this part of the test is to talk at length and give examples. The questions are much broader than in part 1 of the speaking test. You are marked on grammar, vocabulary, fluency and pronunciation.

You will not be marked on your ideas. There are about 6 or 7 question types that could come up. They might be about giving an opinion, comparing, predicting something in the future, talking about people, contrasting and so on. Click here for a lesson on the types of questions in speaking part 3.

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Identifying the 5 types of IELTS essays

ieltslettersGet familiar with the different types of IELTS essays.

Updated: Sept 10th 2021

There are 5 types of IELTS essays and in this post, we will look at how to spot them.

Before you begin writing your essay the first thing you must do is analyse what type of question it is by looking at the instruction words. I have underlined the instruction words in the tasks below, these indicate what type of question it is. Analysing the task question is a crucial step because if you do not take the time to do this, or if you are unclear about anything, you could write a completely different essay. See more here.

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IELTS writing task 1: Language for describing trends

Vocabulary and grammar for graphs with a trend.

Updated: December 20th 2022

In IELTS writing task 1 academic you must write a report about one of the following: a bar chart, a line graph, maps / floor plan, a table, a pie chart or a process diagram. In this post, I will look at describing a line graph and the type of grammar and vocabulary that is needed for this task.

This lesson will look at:

1. Vocabulary for describing a line graph
2. Useful grammar for this task
3. Example of a basic line graph
4. Gap-fill exercise
5. Further practice

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IELTS advantage disadvantage essays

Three types of advantage disadvantage essays

Updated: June 2022

Not only are there 5 types of essay questions in academic IELTS but there are 3 types of Advantage Disadvantage essays, here are some examples below and ideas on how to approach them.

Before we go further let me make something clear. IELTS tasks will ask in an advantage disadvantage essay something like:

  • Do the advantages outweigh the disadvantages?
  • What are the advantages and disadvantages of this?

Notice the plural form here, advantages and disadvantages. Many students (and IELTS teachers) think they have to write more than one advantage and disadvantage. Yes, you can certainly do this but you can also make it much simpler by writing about one advantage and one disadvantage. I have heard from examiners that this is ok as long as you are able to support and fully exaplin your ideas. With this approach you can still write over 250 words.

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