Lesson on an IELTS Bar Graph, Writing Task 1.
In this lesson we will look at:
In this lesson we will look at:
A good skill to learn in academic writing is to soften your language or use what is often called ‘hedging’. This is useful in Discussion essays when you write about others opinions. It is also useful to soften your language so that you don’t generalise too much, it shows that you have a wide range of vocabulary.
When writing a discussion essay in IELTS writing task 2, you have to give the public opinion or others opinions as well as giving your own opinion (if the task asks for your opinion). To do this you will need to use special phrases to show others views. If you do not refer to why people hold a particular opinion, then you will lose marks in task response. You must mention others views and why they hold those views, or the whole essay could turn into a problem solution essay or even an advantage disadvantage essay. It is all about the way language is used here.
A common type of IELTS task 2 essay is the Problem Solution or Causes Solution essay. In this case I will need to write about the causes of the problem in main body one, and recommendations or possible solutions that could solve the issue in main body two. I could have a 3rd body paragraph but I prefer the 2 main body approach.
One of the main skills for getting a good band score in IELTS writing task 2 is how clear and effective the introduction is. This shows the examiner what your essay is going to be about and helps your task response score.
You will need to spend a couple of minutes analyzing and fully understanding the task question, then decide what type of essay it is and what kind of thesis statement you need to write. The rest of the essay will expand on your thesis statement so you need to get it right. Your position must be clear in the introduction and main body paragraphs as well as the conclusion. There are two steps to writing a good introduction.
Some people are confused about either using British or American English in the IELTS test. The answer is that both types are fine to use, the IELTS listening test has various accents from English speaking countries around the world.
If you prefer to use American English spelling or vocabulary then stick to that when doing the exam, don’t suddenly switch to using British English spelling or vocabulary and vice versa.
One of the most important skills in IELTS writing task 2 is knowing how to paraphrase the question. Paraphrasing means to say something in your own words, the meaning stays the same but the words are different.
In the introduction of your essay, the first thing you must do is paraphrase the topic question by either changing the structure of the sentence and formation of the words, or using synonyms (words with the same meaning) Remember that if you just copy the original question you will lose points.
The main focus of this part of the test is to talk at length and give examples. You are marked on grammar, vocabulary, fluency and pronunciation. You will not be marked on your ideas. There are about 6 or 7 question types that could come up. They might be about giving an opinion, comparing, predicting something in the future, talking about people, contrasting and so on. Click here for a lesson on the types of questions in speaking part 3.
Before you start to think of ideas or begin writing your essay, the first thing you must do is analyse what type of question it is. This is a crucial step because if you do not analyse the question, you could write a completely different essay. Lets take a look at different types of questions. Don’t worry too much about the topic here, we are just going to identify what type of essays they are. I have underlined the key action words that indicate what type of question it is. Click on the links below for lessons on thinking of ideas, paraphrasing and thesis statements.
Writing task 1 asks you to write a report about a bar chart, a line graph, a pie chart or a process diagram. In this case we are going to look at describing a line graph in IELTS writing task 1 and the kind of grammar and vocabulary that is needed for this task.
We are going to look at:
1. Vocabulary for describing a line graph
2. Useful grammar for this task
3. Example of a line graph
4. Gap fill exercise