IELTS Bar Graph lesson and Model answer

Lesson on an IELTS Bar Graph, Writing Task 1.

In this lesson we will look at:

1. The structure needed for IELTS Writing task 1.

2. Paraphrasing the introduction.

3. Writing an overview

4. Writing body paragraphs.

5. Example task and model answer.

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Academic writing: Softening language and hedging

IELTS writing focusUsing hedging and softening language

A good skill to learn in academic writing is to soften your language or use what is often called ‘hedging’. This is useful in Discussion essays when you write about others opinions. It is also useful to soften your language so that you don’t generalise too much, it shows that you have a wide range of vocabulary.

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Discussion Essays: expressing others opinions

Expressin the public opinion IELTSHow to write the public or general opinion in IELTS Discussion essays.

When writing a discussion essay in IELTS writing task 2,  you have to give the public opinion or others opinions as well as giving your own opinion (if the task asks for your opinion). To do this you will need to use special phrases to show others views. If you do not refer to why people hold a particular opinion, then you will lose marks in task response. You must mention others views and why they hold those views, or the whole essay could turn into a problem solution essay or even an advantage disadvantage essay. It is all about the way language is used here.

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IELTS Writing Task 2: How to write a causes solution Essay

IELTS problem solution essay

Step by step guide to writing a causes solution essay.

A common type of IELTS task 2 essay is the Problem Solution or Causes Solution essay. In this case I will need to write about the causes of the problem in main body one, and recommendations or possible solutions that could solve the issue in main body two. I could have a 3rd body paragraph but I prefer the 2 main body approach.

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IELTS Problem Solution Essay: Writing an effective introduction

ieltslettersWriting a good introduction for a problem solution essay.

One of the main skills for getting a good band score in IELTS writing task 2 is how clear and effective the introduction is. This shows the examiner what your essay is going to be about and helps your task response score.

You will need to spend a couple of minutes analyzing and fully understanding the task question, then decide what type of essay it is and what kind of thesis statement you need to write. The rest of the essay will expand on your thesis statement so you need to get it right. Your position must be clear in the introduction and main body paragraphs as well as the conclusion. There are two steps to writing a good introduction. 

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British and American English in IELTS

British or American English in IELTS, which is better?

Some people are confused about either using British or American English in the IELTS test. The answer is that both types are fine to use, the IELTS listening test has various accents from English speaking countries around the world.

If you prefer to use American English spelling or vocabulary then stick to that when doing the exam, don’t suddenly switch to using British English spelling or vocabulary and vice versa.

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How to Paraphrase in IELTS Writing

Effective Paraphrasing in Essays.

One of the most important skills in IELTS writing task 2 is knowing how to paraphrase the question. Paraphrasing means to say something in your own words, the meaning stays the same but the words are different.

In the introduction of your essay, the first thing you must do is paraphrase the topic question by either changing the structure of the sentence and formation of the words, or using synonyms (words with the same meaning) Remember that if you just copy the original question you will lose points.

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Structure and tips for part 3 of IELTS speaking

ielts speaking

IELTS Speaking part 3 has about 3 to 6 questions and you need to give detailed answers.

The main focus of this part of the test is to talk at length and give examples. You are marked on grammar, vocabulary, fluency and pronunciation. You will not be marked on your ideas. There are about 6 or 7 question types that could come up. They might be about giving an opinion, comparing, predicting something in the future, talking about people, contrasting and so on. Click here for a lesson on the types of questions in speaking part 3.

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Identifying the 5 types of IELTS essays

How to Identify IELTS Task 2 essay questions.

Before you start to think of ideas or begin writing your essay, the first thing you must do is analyse what type of question it is. This is a crucial step because if you do not analyse the question, you could write a completely different essay. Lets take a look at different types of questions. Don’t worry too much about the topic here, we are just going to identify what type of essays they are. I have underlined the key action words that indicate what type of question it is. Click on the links below for lessons on thinking of ideas, paraphrasing and thesis statements.

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IELTS Writing Task 1: Grammar for describing trends

Vocabulary and grammar for line graphs and describing trends.

Writing task 1 asks you to write a report about a bar chart, a line graph, a pie chart or a process diagram. In this case we are going to look at describing a line graph in IELTS writing task 1 and the kind of grammar and vocabulary that is needed for this task.

We are going to look at:

1. Vocabulary for describing a line graph
2. Useful grammar for this task
3. Example of a line graph
4. Gap fill exercise

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